Kek Lok Si Temple Introduction
The Kek Lok Si Temple complex is located in George Town Penang in Air Itam. In Penang Hokkien, Kek Lok Si translates as “Temple of Supreme Bliss“.
Officially the Kek Lok Si Temple address is: 1000-L, Tingkat Lembah Ria 1, 11500 Ayer Itam, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. However, the address is really unnecessary because it is so easy to find.
The Kek Lok Si Temple complex sits in the foothills in Air Itam on a hill that the founding monk of the temple called “Crane Mountain”. It is a very large temple complex which covers an area of 12 hectares.
Additionally, it’s most commanding feature is the 30.2 meter tall bronze statue of the Mahayana Bodhisattva Guanyin. This is the largest statue of Guanyin in the world and Kek Lok Si is the largest Buddhist temple complex in all of Malaysia.
Guanyin Statue at Kek Lok Si Temple
The goddess has many phonetic spelling variations such as Kwan Yin, Kuan Yin, Quan Yin, Guanyin plus many more. However, they all mean the same thing which is “regarder of sounds” meaning she hears the cries and prayers of the world. She is also known as the “Goddess of Mercy”.
The goddess Guanyin is a very important symbol in Mahayana Buddhism. Devotees of Mahayana believe that she is the female incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. Guanyin is a very popular Buddhist symbol in China and regions that have a large Chinese population such as Penang Malaysia.
Her crystal vase is believed to hold the waters of creation. Therefore, her devotees believe that she also is the goddess of fertility, granting it to all who ask.
The bronze statue was the most recent addition to Kek Lok Si Temple history. Her statue was constructed in 2002 to replace the white plaster Kuan Yin statue that was damaged by fire several years earlier. In addition, the new Guanyin statue was fitted with a 60 meter high roof pavilion that was completed in 2009. However, the height of the structure was limited in order to avoid casting a shadow on the Penang State Mosque.
Kek Lok Si Temple During Chinese New Year
The Kek Lok Si Chinese New Year is celebrated with extended Kek Lok Si Temple opening hours and 10,000 lights. The light decorations and extended hours last for 30 days starting the first day of Chinese New Year. Guanyin is a very popular bodhisattva in China who is believed to be an incarnation of Avalokitesvara.
In China, Jade Buddha statues of Guanyin are believed to be very auspicious because the qualities of jade are combined with the very important figure of the Guanyin bodhisattva.
Additionally, the majestic hilltop location of Kek Lok Si Temple provides excellent Kek Lok Si night time views of the George Town city lights.
Kek Lok Si Pagoda of “Ten Thousand Buddhas”
The Pagoda of “Ban Po Thar” is the main pagoda on the Kek Lok Si Temple grounds. Construction of the pagoda was completed in 1930. “Ban Po Thar” means 10,000 Buddhas and they are constructed into the pagoda on the interior and exterior. On the interior they are mostly in the form of alabaster tiles and there is also a healthy inclusion of Buddhist statues located throughout the pagoda.
The following photos depict some of the thousands of Buddha tiles lining the interior of the pagoda.
The 3 Tiers of Ban Po Thar Pagoda
As a symbol of diversity in Penang Malaysia the pagoda pays tribute to both Mahayana and also Theravada Buddhism. Therefore, the design of the Pagoda of ten thousand Buddhas is split up into 3 sections. The octagonal base is Chinese, the middle portion is Thai and the spiral top is Burmese. As a result of the cultural inclusiveness it is also called the Rama Pagoda after King Rama the VI of Thailand.
Additionally, the top of Rama Pagoda has excellent 360° views of the Kek Lok Si Temple grounds, Air Itam and George Town. Simply climb to the top of the stairs.
Kek Lok Si Temple History
The Kek Lok Si Temple was the brain child of a Chinese monk named Beow Lean. Initially, construction of the complex was begun in 1890 and was completed in 1905. A majority of funds for the temple construction was provided by prominent members of the Hakka clan who had immigrated to Penang from China.
The Kek Lok Si temple was subsequently recognized by the Qing Dynasty and Beow Lean was summoned to Beijing. Qing emperor Guangxu bestowed 70,000 of the “Psalms of the ancient works of Buddhism” to bring back and store at the temple complex.
Kek Lok Si Liberation Turtle Pond
Located below the parking area is the liberation turtle pond. The idea is that the turtles have been liberated in dedication to the Buddhist concept that respects all sentient life forms. One of the precepts of Buddhism is to never harm another life form and this is a core element of the Buddha’s teachings.
Over the years, the turtle pond has gotten pretty crowded and they are not taking in new admissions. However, the turtles seem rather happy and the environment is very friendly in the pond.